Sample Journal 2


Only the hand-made paper contains a watermark, but, according to MICHEL 2000, less than ten percent of the stamps made of this paper contain part of it. In the event of seeing a watermark, we know that the stamp is from a first engraving, but its absence tells us nothing.

The main distinction worth making is that between the first and the second engraving. I have discussed this issue in a previous writing (ref. l). The differences affect the border of the escutcheon (the arms center), as well as the shapes and positions of the dots within the escutcheon, particularly beneath the right eagle's leg, and at the lower left, but also their shapes in general. To summarize the conclusions of the previous paper:

1. The unequal height of the two dots under the right eagle leg and the connecting bridge between them, the lateral symmetry of the field of dots, and a solid, undivided border around the lower part of the escutcheon, indicate first engraving. Omission of the horizontal groove ('diamond shaped dots') and a white line of uniform thickness above the field of dots also indicates first engraving.

2. Separation of the two dots, which are at the same height, the presence of laying and tilted rectangular dots, wider than high, a lateral asymmetry of the field of dots, and a well-marked white split within the colored lower shield border indicate re-engraving. (In stamps from well-worn matrices, the differences in symmetry may be difficult to discern,)

Further features useful for establishing the types are the positions and shapes of parts of text and numerals, including some plate defects. The stamps made with matrices of the first engraving are types I and II, and those made from matrices with the second engraving are type III.

Vol. 4 Nr 4 P 5

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